Polyuria means the excessive urination, in this condition, body urinates excessive amount or a large volume of urine every time you pee. On an average adults passage 1 to 2 litres of urine per day. But in polyuria, the passage of urine is more than 3 litres a day. The urine volume above 2.5 litres is considered excessive. Your urine volume depends on your age and gender.
Urinating Excessive volume of urine should not last several days. One or two-time urination excessive volume is fine and considered normal. But if this condition lasts more than several days, then it may affect the kidney function. Urine is created in the kidney, and 95% of urine is water and waste filtered from the bloodstream. The adult should not produce more than 2.5 litres of urine per day. Adults produce more than 2.5 litres of urine per day when they suffer from polyuria. Many people confuse with polyuria and frequent urination. Polyuria and frequent urination are two different health conditions. Nocturia is another form of polyuria which causes when you urinate a large volume of urine at night. So when you notice polyuria symptom at night, it is called nocturia.
Symptoms of polyuria:
Other than the excessive volume of urination, there are no other symptoms of polyuria. Polyuria occurs when you urinate too much volume of urine. You man feel thirsty because you are losing too much amount of fluid. Disturbed sleep at night because of the constant urge to go to the toilet. There are several causes of polyuria which we will discuss in the next section.
What Causes polyuria?
Sometimes drinking excess water can cause polyuria. Severe health conditions like kidney problem can cause polyuria.
1> Diabetes: The leading cause of polyuria is diabetes. Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes can cause polyuria. In diabetes, the body cant controls the blood sugar. So when the blood sugar level increases, kidney not able to filter the sugar. When this happens, kidney filters more water out of your body through the urination. So the frequent urination and polyuria are the fist few sign of diabetes. Frequent urination and polyuria can make you feel thirsty.
In Diabetes insipidus body is not able to control the fluid level. The kidney and brain problem can cause diabetes insipidus. It this condition, you always feel thirst no matter how much you drink.
2> Kidney failure: The urine is produced in the kidney and stored in the bladder. So kidney failure of kidney disease can damage the function of the kidney. So due to that kidney can’t process the waste which can cause polyuria. Polyuria is the early sign of kidney problem
3> Liver disease: Liver problem can affect the function of the kidney. A damaged liver can’t process the waste. Damage to liver and kidney can’t do its function properly which causes polyuria
4>Mediaction: Some medication used to treat heart and blood pressure problems can lead to the polyuria. Consult with your doctor if you think you are urinating too much urine due to your medicines intake.
5> Alcohol and caffeine: Excess Caffeine and alcohol drinking can cause polyuria. Alcohol and caffeine make you pee more.
6>Hypercalcemia: Hypercalcemia affects the function of the kidney. The excess calcium in your body affects the ADH level, which leads to polyuria.
You can diagnose polyuria at home by noting how much you drink water, and how much urine volume you are exerted. The doctor diagnoses the polyuria by checking your health conditions. The doctor will check whether you have diabetes or not. A doctor can also ask you about when you started to face a problem of polyuria. The doctor can give you one container where you have to pee for 24 hours. The doctor can check the volume of urine you urinate in the past 24 hours.
To treat polyuria, you must know what causes polyuria. For example, if you have diabetes, the control your blood sugar level can cure the polyuria. Polyuria can be treated by controlling alcohol and caffeine intake.
If polyuria is caused due to the medicines, you have to consult with your doctor to adjust or change the dose of medication.